Architectural Treasures of the Queen City: Part I
Architreks, a non-profit program of Cincinnati Preservation Association and the Architectural Foundation of Cincinnati, has a mission to connect the public to the city’s built environment. Their volunteer guides provide informative and engaging walking tours throughout Cincinnati’s various neighborhoods highlighting the city’s history and architecture. On your two-hour jaunt of Downtown, Over-the-Rhine, Mt Adams, Walnut Hills, Clifton or Northside, the particulars of what you see is tailored to you (the audience) as well as the enthusiasm of the particular guide whose company you are enjoying—so it is possible to go on any tour more than once and learn something new. October is the last month of Architreks 11th Tour Season (although tours are available year-round by request). Can you think of a more pleasurable way to spend a gorgeous fall afternoon in the Queen City…?
My husband, Terry Garrard, has been an Architreks guide for the downtown tour for over three years. The downtown tour starts in front of the Visitor Center on Fountain Square located between Chipotle and Rock Bottom Brewery every Saturday. Last night, I asked him to list his three favorite buildings. These are his picks of the week:
1) Carew Tower
This 49-story tower complex is formerly Cincinnati’s tallest building, reaching to 574 feet (only recently superseded by the Great American Tower, which reaches 660 feet in height).
Carew Tower was built during the height of the Great Depression in the lavish Art Deco Style and conceived as a “city within a city”, having a parking garage, business offices, department stores, specialty shops, a hotel, and restaurants.
Construction was started in 1929, one month before the stock market crash on October 24th, and was finished 13 months later for the then-large sum of $33,000,000. The building was designed by the Chicago architect Walter W. Ahlschlager with Starrett Brothers, Inc. as general contractors, who also built the Peabody Hotel and Empire State Building. The building maintains its amazing original details.
2) Plum Street Temple – 720 Plum Street
The Plum Street Temple, designed by James Keyes Wilson, was completed in 1866. The temple was the innovation of Isaac M. Wise, a leader in American Reform Judaism and founder of the Hebrew Union College (1875) in Clifton.
Rabbi Wise wanted to create a style of Jewish architecture but no one knew what that was. As a result, James Keyes Wilson travelled to Europe to study religious architecture. Sometimes referred to as “Byzantine-Romanesque”, the Plum Street Temple has elements of both German Gothic and Moorish architecture. From Rabbi Wise’s inspiration, the building embodies a time in Moorish Spain when Jews, Christians, and Moslems lived in relative peace.
The Gothic elements of the building corresponds to the style’s Christian influences: the large rose window and the gothic arches. Moorish elements corresponds to Islamic influences: square portals and minorets.
The Plum Street Temple interior features original hand-painted stenciling, and its original organ installed in 1866, an item not found in Jewish temples before that date.
3) Times Star Building – 800 Broadway Avenue
The Times Star Building was built in 1933 and designed by Eldridge Hannaford, the grandson of Samuel Hannaford.
It is a “literal building” in the Art Deco Style, meaning that its features tell you what it was used for-in this case, they say “I AM a newspaper building!”. There are four figures around its upper portion that represent the virtues and pillars of 1930s journalism: Truth, Progress, Patriotism, and Speed.
The Bas-relief decoration of the building tells us about its purpose, such as the reliefs of famous historic printers Benjamin Franklin and Johannes Gutenberg. The bronze grillwork on the building also depicts printers and artists going about their business…
One entrance still pays tribute to the building’s Times Star days, bearing the label “News Boy Entrance”.
The Times Star was owned by Charles Phelps Taft and acquired by the Cincinnati Post in 1958. Today, the Times Star building is a wonderful example of adaptive reuse showing us that these buildings can be preserved and remain relevant: Hamilton County bought the building in the 1980s and it is used for county offices and by domestic courts.